ballyshannon, donegal, irish newspapers online, ireland, irish history, irish literature, irish famine - Linking Canada and Ireland - Linking Canada and Ireland

Girls Orphaned by Irish Famine
Australian Monument Lists Four Hundred Names

The Fate of Mary Allingham--Further Clues

It is with a sense of heartfelt gratitude to a small number of people in Ireland, Australia and Canada, that "A Home Page with an Irish Flavour" is able to place on the Internet a list of four hundred names of Irish Famine female orphans inscribed on a monument unveiled in Sydney, Australia, commemorating their arrival there in the late 1840s under what was known as the Earl Grey scheme. This was a scheme whereby 4,114 young girls in Irish workhouses were selected for transportation to Australia, where there was a desperate need for their services both as domestic workers and prospective wives.
In 1997 this Home Page published two articles titled "Workhouse Famine Records", which were compiled by a local history group in the town of Ballyshannon, Co. Donegal, under the guidance of local historian Mr. Anthony Begley. The second article stated that some 16 orphan girls, aged between 14 and 16 years, were picked from among the inmates of the Ballyshannon Workhouse, and in the company of 148 orphan girls from other Irish workhouses, sailed on October 30, 1847, from Plymouth, England.

The article continued:

"They landed in Sydney on the 13th January 1849, but what became of them has not been recorded. Did they view their arrival in Australia as a great adventure? Did they feel disorientated?"

Thanks to painstaking research by Dr.Trevor McClaughlin, Modern History Department, Macquarie University, Sydney, whose book "Barefoot and Pregnant" is widely embracing in scope, we now know that what became of some of them has been recorded. For many, instead of great adventures they faced great hardships.

That second article under "Workhouse Famine Records" gave the names of the sixteen orphans from Ballyshannon Workhouse who were transported to Australia as follows:

FEELY Margaret
McBRIDE Margaret
McCREA Letty
SWEENEY Margaret

It concluded with this paragraph:

"Among the many intriguing questions raised by the list of orphan girls transported from Ballyshannon to Australia is one connected with the name Mary Allingham. Why was this orphan girl not reclaimed by the poet Allingham's family? To what branch did she belong? Mayhap a clue will be found by some Australian reader of this Home Page."

Almost three years later a kind Australian reader did find a clue. On July 2, 2000, Joan Robinson of Australia sent an e-mail in which she stated that she read the workhouse articles with great interest. After giving some background to research already done on the fate of the Irish orphan girls, she revealed that at the end of their voyage they were taken Hyde Park Barracks, "the old convict barracks", in Macquarie Street, Sydney, which was used as a female refuge and a labour exchange, cryptically adding, "The girls were indentured as domestic servants."

Jo Robinson continued to delve into the fate of Mary Allingham, and in August forwarded the following details from the book by Dr. McClaughlin:

"Mary Allingham. 16. Billig. Fermanagh. Parents Robert and Fanny both dead. Religion C of E. Relations in colony...William Allingham."

She included two marriage records for a Mary Allingham, and one for a Mary Martha Allingham.

Mary was coming into focus. While she may have been an inmate of Ballyshannon Workhouse, her birthplace "Billig. Fermanagh" was undoubtedy Belleek, Fermanagh, some four miles from Ballyshannon, site of the world famous Belleek pottery.

On July 19, Dr. McClaughlin provided further details. Mary, apparently, had been indentured to Brisbane Water, a location just outside Sydney. He added that "there are two references to Immigration Correspondence where she is mentioned as having police protection for her return to Sydney from Brisbane."

As Jo Robinson had written earlier, "her story might be quite a sad one".

Further research by Soinbhe Lally has yielded the latest clue to the Allingham family connection with New South Wales. The following extract is from the Fermanagh Millennium web page:

----- ALLINGHAM, CHRISTOPHER (1829-1876), explorer and pastoralist, was born at Hillgrove, County Fermanagh, Ireland, the youngest son of William Allingham, farmer, and his wife, Elizabeth, nee MARTIN. He was a near relative of the poet, William Allingham (1824-1889), and came of a Protestant Hampshire family who had settled in Ulster in the sixteenth century. His brother Edward emigrated to Armidale, New South Wales, in 1841, and was followed, probably in 1846, by Christopher and two other brothers.
"It adds a little more to the picture," writes Soinbhe
Another correspondent, Jon Martin of the University of Melbourne, Australia, reveals that the above mentioned William Allingham, Mary's relative, was an innkeeper at Carlisle's Gully in New South Wales.

As other details emerge they will be added to "A Home Page with an Irish Flavour."

For the present that appears to be the end of the story of Mary Allingham, but if readers will persist to the end of the table of names, a more recent connection with the Allingham family of Ballyshannon has come to light.

The Australian monument at Hyde Park Barracks in Sydney is the work of Adelaide artists Angela and Hossein Valmanesh. It is a bronze-cast table, complete with a meal setting, intersecting a museum wall. Two glass panels bear sandblasted inscriptions of 400 girls' names, and as described by Courtney Kidd, "it is compelling art, starring important history."

The following table, received from the authorities at Hyde Park museum, lists not only the names of the girl orphans but in most cases the towns and counties in Ireland from which they were transported. Even though there are obvious inaccuracies in the spelling of some place names, they are retained as given in the original documents of the era. The importance of the research undertaken by Dr. McClaughlin cannot be overly emphasised.

Name Town County
Adderley Mary Glenmore Offaly
Adderley Jane Glenmore Offaly
Aikens Bessie Newry Down
Aikens Sarah Maria Newry Down
Arbuckle Sara StrabaneTyrone
Armstrong Catherine Kilrusky Monaghan
Balfe Mary Dunshaughland Meath
Barrow Ann Mallow Cork
Basset Charlotte Kilmilling Wicklow
Beard Jane Edgeworthtown Longford
Bell Jane Antrim
Bergen Ann Old DerrickLaois
Bergen Elizabeth Old Derrick Laois
Best Margaret Sherrigrim Tyrone
Black Sarah Tyrone
Blake Mary Elizabeth Aughrim Galway
Blundell Maria Naas Kildare
Bohen Ann Galway
Boyle Ann Lisgann Clare
Boyle Mary Louth
Bracken Ann Roscommon
Brady Anne Cavan
Brandon Mary Ballylongford Kerry
Brennan Elizabeth Lurgan Antrim
Brien Susan Kilcullen Kildare
Briers Ann Isle & Burt Derry
Britt Sarah Carlow
Brophy Anastasia M Johnstown Kilkenny
Brown Isabella Derry
Buck Margaret DrumcolleraLimerick
Burgess Mary Ann TullowCarlow
Burke Bridget Ballinsloe Sligo
Burke Catherine Ballinsloe Sligo
Burne Mary Gorey Wexford
Burt Sarah Glen Nevis Antrim
Byrne Mary Ballynakill Galway
Byme Catherine Carrickmacross Monaghan
Cahill Mary Patrick's Town Offaly
Cain Catherine Ballina Mayo
Callaghan Biddy Glasslough Monaghan
Callery Bridget Mohill Leitrim
Cane Ann Carlow
Cannon Bridge Carrick-on-Shannon Leitrim
Canny Bridget Ennistymon Clare
Carbary JaneBallyshannonDonegal
Carigge Mary Clare
Cariggem Eliza Ennis Clare
Camey Maria Ballysea Mayo
Carr Ann Turtuakelly Derry
Carrigg Mary, Ennis, Clare
Carroll Alice Dundalk Louth
Carroll Ellen Drohmahare Monaghan
Carson Isabella Omagh Tyrone
Casey Ellen Loughrae Galway
Cash Mary Ann Nenagh Tipperary
Casserley Mary Ballymahon Longford
Cassidy Harriet Galway
Chambers Mary Jane Dublin
Clark Elizabeth Jamaica
Clarke Bridget Menalty Meath
Clarke Mary Menalty Meath
Coady Catherine Waterford
Cogan Catherine Deansforth Kilkenny
Cogan Mary Mayo
Coghlan Mary Cork
Coleman Mary Manchester England
Colston Emily Cavan
Connolly ElizabethGreig Wexford
Connor Mary Clogheen Tipperary
Connor Mary Ann KenmareKerry
Conway Mary Listowel Kerry
Cook Mary Carlow
Cooper Susan Wexford
Craig Catherine Dublin
Crehan Mary Gort Galway
Crighton Margaret Turtuakelly Derry
Croke Mary Killanaule Tipperary
Cronin Eleanor Cork
Crosby Mary Churchtown Offaly
Crotty JaneClonmel Tipperary
Cummins Bridget Slane Meath
Cunningham Bridget Ennis Clare
Daley Mary Ardee Louth
Danaher Honora Ennis Clare
Davis Bridget Scarriff Clare
Dee Bridget Cashel Tipperary
Dee Ellen Cashel Tipperary
Dee JohannaIreland
Dee Mary Cashel Tipperary
Deely CatherineLoughreaGalway
Deely Mary Anne Loughrea Galway
Dehee Margaret Donohil Tipperary
Dempsey Margaret Clonmel Tipperary
Dempsey Celia Kingstown Dublin
Devlin Margaret Keady Armagh
Devlin Sarah Armagh
Divine Mary Yellow Firs Meath
Doherty MaryCarrick on Suir Tipperary
Donelan Ellen Leightford Galway
Donnelly Jane Enniskillen Fermanagh
Donovan Catherine Bandon Cork
Donovan Margaret Skibbereen Cork
Dooley Catherine Kilcolain Offaly
Dooling Mary Baltinglass Wicklow
Doran Catherine Freshford Kilkenny
Dowd Ann Mullahoran Cavan
Dowd Bridget Loughrae Galway
Dowd Mary Mullahoran Cavan
Dowling Ellen Newtown Laois
Downey Honor Athlone Clare
Doyle Catherine Dublin
Doyle Mary Mountmellick Laois
Doyle Sarah Coleraine Derry
Driscoll Margaret Middleton Cork
Drum Ann
Drum Eliza Sligo
Duffy Ann Cookstown Tyrone
Duffy Mary Clunass Fermanagh
Duggan Grace Donegal
Duke Ann Ballyn Mayo
Dunford Jane Kildare
Dunphy Mary Abbeyleix Laois
Durkan Catherine Ballyglen Mayo
Edwards Celia Wexford
Fahey Ann, Bannahar Offaly
Fahey Bridget Clare
Farrell Mary Scarrif Clare
Fee Mary Carrickmacross Monaghan
Feely Ellen Ballyshannon Donegal
Feeney Emily
Feeny Jane Ratheiham Wicklow
Ferry Bridget Dunfanaghy Donegal
Fitzgerald Mary Ann Ballingarry Limerick
Fitzharris May Dublin
Fitzsimmons Clara Ballymahon Longford
Flannigan Mary Wicklow
Fleming Bridget Cullen Tipperary
Flemming Rose Ballyadam Laois
Flood Mary Enniscorthy Wexford
Flynn Ann Dublin
Foley Catherine Kitlaugher Leitrim
Fox CatherineArmagh
Foy Catherine Curran Monaghan
Frawley MargaretEnnis Clare
Frazer Eliza Belfast Antrim
Frieze Alice Cashel Tipperary
Fury Maria Galway
Gaffney Bridget Butlers Bridge Cavan
Gaffney Catherine Butlers Bridge Cavan
Galvin EllenDingle Kerry
Gannon Catherine Mohill Leitrim
Gaughan Rose Anne Mayo
Gavin Mary Ballymore West Meath
Gaynor Mary
Geoghegan Mary AthloneWest Meath
Gerity Margaret Dublin
Gibbons Mary Derry
Gleenan Rose Athlone West Meath
Gleeson Mary Borrisoleigh Tipperary
Goff Mary Cross Molina Mayo
Gray Ann White Mountain Louth
Gray Mary Armagh
Green Ellen Abbey Waterford
Green Mary Tuam Galway
Greenwood Eliza Callan Bridge Armagh
Guare Catherine Askeaton Limerick
Haggerty MaryBallina Mayo
Hall Bridget Castle Connell Limerick
Hall Eliza Antrim
Hall Rebecca ColeraineDerry
Hall Sarah Antrim
Handbridge Ellen Strafford Wicklow
Hanratty MaryCarrickmacross Monaghan
Harding JuliaKantant County
Hartigan Bridget EnnistymonClare
Hartigan Bridget Newmarket Clare
Hawthorn Martha StrabaneTyrone
Haydon Honora Cashel Tipperary
Haydon Sarah Cashel Tipperary
Hayes Johanna Listowel Kerry
Healy Catherine Cahir Tipperary
Hickey Mary Scarrif Clare
Hogan Rose Mogul Leitrim
Hopkins Bridget Dunmore Galway
Hunt Margaret Limavady Derry
Hurley Margaret Gort Galway
lcombe Eliza Baltinglass Wicklow
Jamison Mary Derry
Jennings Sarah Shrule Mayo
Joyce Catherine Cong Mayo
Kavenny Bridget Annadough Leitrim
Kean Catherine KilchristGalway
Kearney BridgetAthloneWest Meath
Kearney Mary Waterford
Kearns Mary Sligo
Keating Bridget Feenaugh/Feeny Limerick
Keefe Alice Ballilone Laois
Keilly Honora Kanturk Cork
Kelly Ann Kilcrea Galway
Kelly Bridget Loughrea Galway
Kelly Johanna Glenmore Kilkenny
Kelly Margaret Kilcrea Galway
Kelly Mary Donegal
Kennedy Anne Arles Laois
Kennedy Elizabeth Cashel Tipperary
Kennedy Maria Moate West Meath
Kennefick Elizabeth Cork
Kennon Ann West Meath
Kenny Ann Longford
Kenny Mary Castlecomer Kilkenny
Kiernan Mary Dundalk Louth
King BridgetHedford Galway
King Margaret Waterford
Lalor Mary Rathpilly Wicklow
Larkin Sarah Dora Offaly
Laughlin Catherine Dungarvon Waterford
Lawn Eleanor Donegal
Leahy Ellen ClearyLimerick
Leddy Jane Drygan Clare
Lee ElizabethClenibroune Longford
Lennon Ann Carrickmacross Monaghan
Loftus Julia Mayo
Long Margaret Limerick
Looney Ellen Dungarvan Waterford
Lordon Ellen Bandon Cork
Lynach Anne NavanMeath
Lynch Biddie Nuthe Meath
Lynsky Julia Galway
Lyons Ann Tipperary
Magee Catherine Antrim
Maguire Bridget Belturbet Cavan
Maguire Rose Belturbet Cavan
Maher Maria Protumna Galway
Maher Mary Killishaw Carlow
Mahon Bridget Headfort Galway
Malone Anne Tipperary
Martin ElizabethDown
May Mary Kilglass Roscommon
McArdle IsabellaCamlaghDown
McCann BridgetBanbridgeDown
McCann MaryEnniskillenFermanagh
McCann SarahPortadownArmagh
McCarthy Mary Kerry
McCarthy Mary Ann Scarrif Clare
McCarty MaryKilmajerKerry
McCluskey CatherineTara Meath
McCluskey Ellen Tara Meath
McConkey Jane Antrim
McConnell Mary Lurgan Armagh
McCrae Mary Fermanagh
McDermott Ann Ballyna Donegal
McDermott ElizaElfinRoscommon
McDermott Maria KilmoreRoscommon
McDonald Catherine Athlone West Meath
McDonaugh Mary Tulla Clare
McDonnell Catherine Athlone Roscommon
McDonnell Rose Killaid Armagh
McDougall IsabellaGifford BanbridgeDown
McElroy Ellen Lisnaskea Fermanagh
McElroy Mary Ann Lisnaskea Fermanagh
McGarry Honora Sligo
McGillicuddy Ellen DingleKerry
McGowan Mary Killrock Leitrim
McGrath BridgetTullochCarlow
McGuire Ellen Cavan
McGuire Mary Drumroghan Leitrim
McMahon Bridget RathkealeLimerick
McManus Harriet Cork
McNamara CatherineClare
McNamara Margaret Scariff Clare
Meade MaryDunshaughlin Meath
Merriman AnneCork
Miller JaneDundalkLouth
Miller Mary CloneslieLaois
Mitchell RebeccaTulloch Carlow
Moloney Anne Golden Tipperary
Moore Martha Leady Armagh
Moran Celia Kiltort Wicklow
Moriarty CatherineTralee Kerry
Moriarty MaryDingle Kerry
Morony Ann BallynaTipperary
Morrison Susanna Antrim
Morrow Elizabeth Belfast
Mugan Honora Castle Bar Mayo
Mulcahy Julia Kanturk Cork
Muldoon AnnMulick Fermanagh
Muldowney Bridget Ballnikill Laois
Mullen Mary Shannonbridge Offaly
Mulligan SarahBanbridge Down
Murphy Bridget Enniscorthy Wexford
Murphy Cathie
Murphy Honora
Murray Bridget ArdaghLongford
Nattan Ellen Athlone West Meath
Naughton Bridget TynaghGalway
Naughton Catherine Tynagh Galway
Naughton Mary Tynagh Galway
Nelligan AnnMallou Cork
Nelson Margaret Clare
Nelson Mary Ann Clonrich Clare
Nevin, Teresa Galway
Nichols MaryGranard Longford
Nolan Elizabeth Baltinglass Wicklow
Noonan Catherine Bodyke Clare
O'Brien HonoraGlynn Limerick
O'Brien Mary Glynn Limerick
O'Dea Biddy Thurles Clare
O'Donnell Catherine Limerick
O'Donnell Margaret Letterkenny Donegal
O'Hara Mary Mayo
O'Leary MaryBantry Cork
O'Neil Mary Manchester England
O'Riley Catherine Fermanagh
Patterson Frances Killishandra Cavan
Patterson Mary AnnKillishandra Cavan
Paull Margaret Coleraine Derry
Pearce Winifred Baliduff Kerry
Pender Catherine Towlerton Laois
Penrose Ann Wicklow
Penrose Bridget BarraderrieWicklow
Penrose Catherine Wicklow
Perrin Agnes Dublin
Phelan Mary Ann Castletown Laois
Pierse Winifred Ballyduff Kerry
Power Catherine Annicart Laois
Power Mary Waterford Waterford
Prendergast Mary Ann Galway
Quigley Bridget Boyle Roscommon
Quinn Bridget Tullamore Offaly
Rafferty Hannah Castlerea Roscommon
Rafferty Honora Castlerea Roscommon
Rattigan Mary Ballmahon Longford
Reardon Margaret Croome Limerick
Redmond Johanna Mullamaline Wexford
Reed Sarah Antrim
Reilly Mary Ann Ballyconnall Down
Riley Catherine Whitehill Fermanagh
Riley Catherine Enniskillen Fermanagh
Riley Hannah Dunlear Louth
Rock Mary KeadueSligo
Rooney AnnBallyshannon Donegal
Ross MargaretRosscarnFermanagh
Rossiter Eliza Enniscorthy Wexford
Roughan Mary Ann Scarrif Clare
Rourke BessieSligo
Rourke Mary Sligo
Russell Bridget Ballimore West Meath
Ryan Margaret Nenagh Tipperary
Saltry Dorinda Skreen Sligo
Sands Mary Banbridge Down
Seymore MaryCastletownTipperary
Shanahan Ellen Ballingarry Limerick
Shanahan Mary Rathkeal Limerick
Sharkey Eliza Tyrone
Sharkey Eliza Omagh Tyrone
Shaw Mary Sligo
Shea Bridget Callan Kilkenny
Shea Honora Kilkenny
Shepherd Jane Wicklow
Shepherd Ruth Wicklow
Sheridan Bridget GleannCavan
Sherry Rose Carrickmacross Monaghan
Simmons Margaret Killmallock Limerick
Simpson Catherine Newtown Longford
Slattery Margaret Dungarvon Waterford
Slattery Mary Kilkenny
Smith Biddy Ballyshannon Donegal
Smyth JohannaBandon Cork
Spillane Mary Cork
Spratt Mary Dungarvin Waterford
Stack Margaret Ennistymon Clare
Stack MaryEnnistymon Clare
Stephens Jane Wicklow
Stephens RuthWicklow
Sullivan Mary Ennis Clare
Sweeny Catherine Tipperary
Taaffe Mary Edenderry Offaly
Taylor Mary Parsons Town Offaly
Thom Catherine
Thornton Mary Ardee Louth
Tiernan Frances Longford
Tighe RoseOldcastle Meath
Toole Eliza Waterford
Troy Mary Chaleville Cork
Troy Mary Newtown ShandrumCork
Vaughan EllenMayo
Wall Catherine KilpipeWexford
Wallace Bridget Cashel Tipperary
Wallace Catherine Cashel Tipperary
Wallace MaryLogan Village Down
Walsh Mary Castlelyon Cork
Ward Catherine Loughrea Galway
Ward Margaret Tipperary
Ward Maria Loughmartin Longford
Watson Bridget Milltown Kilkenny
Watson Jane Barnscourt Tyrone
Watters Catherine Dungarvan Waterford
Wetherall Mary Thurles Tipperary
Wheelan Honora Louth
Whelan Eliza Abbeyleix Laois
White ElizaNaasKildare
White JohannaGlin Limerick
Whittaker Ann Roscrea Tipperary
Whittaker Margaret Wexford
Wogan Margaret Skreen Meath
Woods Bridget Glin Limerick
Wylie SarahBanbridge Down
Wynne Christiana Dublin
Young Jane Ballylinny Antrim

When I was in my teens, there were still Allingham descendants living in the family house on The Mall in Ballyshannon. They were two spinster ladies, and beyond that fact I knew nothing of their lives. But, going into Belleek pottery records available on the Internet, lo and behold there appeared the following entry:

ALLINGHAM. LOUISE and MAUDE. Daughters of William Allingham (half brother of the poet Allingham). They lived in Ballyshannon, only four miles from the Pottery, and earned a little money painting on porcelain which they would bring to the Pottery to be fired. They also painted on Belleek blanks. Their work was mostly signed.
Thanks to Soinbhe Lally of Rossnowlagh, who had the foresight to enable the Ballyshannon Workhouse Records to be placed on the Internet, sparking an interest in them which has grown with each passing year, it can now be disclosed that a gift of a full table service of Belleek ware was made to Father Connolly of St. Joseph's on the Rock by the two Miss Allinghams. What was the occasion or reason for their gift is unrecorded, but it was a truly unique presentation. Incidentally, it was Father Connolly who presided at the nuptials of my brother Charlie and his bride, Mary Connolly, and the same Father Connolly who appears in the tale "Of processions and celebrations" in "The Kindly Spot" series.
Those who have contributed in making this information available on the World Wide Web through the medium of "A Home Page with an Irish Flavour" include the aforementioned Joan Robinson and Professor McClaughlin, Australia; Soinbhe Lally, Ireland; and Mark Ward, Australian High Commission, Ottawa, Canada.

Home | About | Canadian Vindicator | Literature | Gallery | History